Butea Gum Tree
- Butea frondosa Koenig ex roxb
- Bengali: Palas
- Punjabi: Chichra
- Persian: Palah
- Hindi: Tesu, Dhak, Palas.
- Pashto: Kammarkas
- Sanskrit: Palasha
- Sindhi: Khalas Papari
- Palas, Dhak, Tesu, Chenia Gond
- The flame of the forest
- Butea gum tree (the gum is known as Bengal kino or Butea kino)
- Jehlum (Punjab), N.W.F.P.
- A deciduous Tree with the crooked gnarled trunk, 3-5m in height,
- Bark bluish-grey to light brown
- Leaves 3 foliate; leaflet leathery, hairy on the underside, terminal ones broad obviate whereas the lateral smaller obliquely obviate.
- Flower bright orange- red , large and in dense racemes
- Stalk dark brown velvety
- Calyx velvety jet black in colour
- Pendulous pod containing a single seed
- Gums, seeds, leaves and flowers
PERIOD OF OCCURRENCE:
- Flowers and fruit occurs on tree during March- May
PROCEDURE & TIME OF COLLECTION:
- The bark of tree yields a red juice which exudes from natural or artificial Scares, this harens into a ruby red vitreous gum, which is collected.
- Gallic acid
- Mucilaginous matter
- Gond kikar/gum acacia (gum arabica wild.)
ACTIONS AND USES IN UNANI SYSTEM OF MEDICINE:
- Gum: Astringent, Viscostic , Avaricious, Desiccative, Tonic
- Seed: Anthelmin
- Leaves: Astringent
- Flowers: Astringent, Diuretic, Depurative, Aphrodisiac
- Gum is useful in chronic diarrhea, back aches, piles, and tonic for liver, lungs and chest diseases, syphilis.
- Katira/tragacanth (Sterculia Urens Linn )
- Gulab/rose (Rosa damascene mill)
- Sandal/sandalwood (san tal urn album linn)
IMPORTANT UNANI FORMULATIONS:
- Sufuf silane raham