- Bengali: Jira
- Persian: Zira
- Hindi: Jira, Zeera
- Pashto: Aspina Zankay
- Sanskrit: Liraka Ajaji, Ajmoda, Jira
- Sindhi: Zero
- Arabic: Kamun Abyaz
- Punjabi: Zira Safaid
- It is found in Baluchistan, Loralai, Kurram, Chitral and Gilgit
- A small slender herb attaining the height of nearly 30 cm
- Stem branched, angular or striated.
- Leaves bluish green twice or thrice 3-partite.
- Flowers white or rose coloured umbels compound.
- Fruits grey in colour 0.5 cm long, apex and base tapering, compressed laterally with ridges.
PERIOD OF OCCURRENCE:
- Seeds are sown from end February to early march or for the second crop at the end of October to middle of December. The plants bear fruit within 2-3 months of sowing.
PROCEDURE & TIME OF COLLECTION:
- The plants are ready for harvesting when the fruits ripen but is still green. The plants are allowed to dry for 2 to 3 days and then thrashed to separate the seeds.
- Vitamin A and C
- Zira siah/caraway (carumcarvii)
ACTIONS AND USES IN UNANI SYSTEM OF MEDICINE:
- It is useful in diarrhea and dyspepsia. In cold phlegmatic disease, enlarged spleen
- Kateera/tragacanth (sterculia urens)
IMPORTANT UNANI FORMULATIONS:
- Majoon bawasir
- Safuf hazim
- Safuf chutki
- Arq hazim
- Arg zirah
- Jawarish mastagi