- Citrullus colocynthis Schard
- Bengali: Indrayan, Makhal
- Persian: Kavistetalk, Khurbuza-talkh
- Hindi: Indrayan, Makhal
- Pashto: Maraghonae
- Sindhi: Trujogosht, Trujopar
- Arabic: Hanzal, Hanzil, Aulqam
- Punjabi: Tumbi, Ghuruniba
- Baluchistan: Kurkushta
- Lasbela: Darwawal, Kherengirini
- Sibi: Marghuni, Truh
- Zhob: Maraghuna,
- It grows commonly in desert areas. It is common in Sindh, Baluchistan, Lasbela, Bolan, NWFP, Punjab, and Attock
- An annual or perennial herb
- Stem prostrate or climbing, slender, angled, branched, tendrils simle, slender with hair
- Leaves pale green in colour above whereas grayish on the underside, 3-7 lobed
- Flowers pale yellow in colour
- Fruits smooth, spherical, about 8cm in diameter, green when young turning yellow on ripening
- Seeds brownish, ovate, numerous, contained in soft, spongy, bitter pulp, epicarp is thin.
- Dried pulp of the fruit, Root
PERIOD OF OCCURRENCE:
- Plant grows wild in sandy and arid regions. The plant flowers and fruits from September to October
PROCEDURE & TIME OF COLLECTION:
- Pulp of unripe, fully grown fruit from which the rind has been removed, is dried
- Elatericin b
- Saccmonia/Scammony Resin(Convolvolus scainmonia Linn)
- Kala-dana(Ipomoea hederaceae Linn)
ACTIONS AND USES IN UNANI SYSTEM OF MEDICINE:
- Drastic hydrogogue
- In large dose emetic
- Gastrointestinal irritant
- In small doses it is an alternative and expectorant
- Dried Fruit Pulp- is extensively used as a drastic purgative, also in biliousness and intestinal parasites.
- Roots- used as purgative, in jaundice, ascites, biliary diseases, rheumatism.
- Kateer/Tragacanth (Sterculia urens Roxb).
- Roghan Badam/Almond Oil (Prunus ainygdalus Batsch).
IMPORTANT UNANI FORMULATIONS: